1. You shall have no other gods before Me (Exodus 20:3).

This commandment encourages monotheism (the believe in one God – the Almighty God), and forbids polytheism (the worship of many gods), worshipping man, community, imaginary gods, pleasure, reason, philosophy, business, religion, demons, profession, trade, fashion, gods, goddesses, etc.

2. You shall make no idols (Exodus 20:4-6).

This commandment forbids idolatry. All representations of the true God or false deities for the purpose of worship are forbidden. “God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” (John 4:24)

3. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain (Exod 20:4-6).

This commandment forbids profanity. We should honour the name of the Lord and bear it reverently. “… every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment (Matthew 12:36)

4. Keep the Sabbath day holy (Exodus 20:8-11).

This commandment enjoins us to keep the Sabbath day holy. The Sabbath is the memorial of God’s creative work. For us, Sabbath day is on Sunday. We should rest, worship and serve God on the Sabbath day.

5. Honor your father and your mother (Exodus 20:12).

This commandment obliges the faithful to show respect for their parents. This is “the first commandment with promise” (Ephesians 6:2). Children owe their parents love, obedience, respect, and helpfulness (see to the care of their parents).

 6. You shall not murder (Exodus 20:13).

This commandment forbids murder, the unlawful taking of human life, including abortions.

7. You shall not commit adultery (Exodus 20:14).

This commandment forbids the actual, physical act of having immoral sexual activity, specifically adultery, which is sex with someone else’s spouse or a spouse cheating on their partner. This commandment also includes fornication, which is sex between unmarried people, prostitution, pornography, homosexual activity, masturbation, group sex, rape, incest, pedophilia, bestiality, and necrophilia.

8. You shall not steal (Exodus 20:15).

This commandment forbids the act of taking someone else’s property. This commandment also denounces cheating people of their money or property, depriving workers of their just wage, or not giving employers a full day’s work for a full day’s pay. Embezzlement, fraud, tax evasion, and vandalism are all considered extensions of violations of this commandment.

9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor (Exodus 20:15).

This commandment condemns lying. Humans are obligated to honor the truth. The commandment forbids bribery and forgery and even the least suggestion contrary to truth. It forbids libel, slander, and backbiting, and calls for the truth and nothing but the truth.

10. You shall not covet (Exodus 20:15).

This commandment forbids the desire and longing for immoral sexuality and wanting to or taking someone else’s property. This commandment condemns theft and the feelings of envy, greed, and jealousy in reaction to what other people have.

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